In addition to free genome papers linked above, we have put together a collection of additional Science news and commentary on the SARS epidemic.
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Viruses isolated from patients early in the SARS epidemic resemble animal SARS-like viruses, and those from later patients show that the virus evolved rapidly and then stabilized. Civet cats, a raccoon dog, and a ferret badger in an animal market in Guangdong, China, were infected with a coronavirus identical to the one that causes SARS in humans save for an extra nucleotide sequence.
Analysis of the recent outbreak indicates that basic public health measures are sufficient to prevent a SARS epidemic. In the ending that was preferred by Petersen, the movie cuts back to Africa, where trees are being felled to the sound of screaming monkeys. The final sequences in these plot lines recuperates their beginnings. This indeterminacy invariably gives the narrative a spectral quality: the end is haunted by the prospect of another outbreak with the pathogen perhaps more efficiently transmissible the next time around. The animal host lurks on the perimeter of the clearing, waiting for what Richard M.
We are dealing, in other words, with a false-ending — with an end that turns out not to be an end at all, but rather a spurious foreclosure and at best a pause for breath. What will it become when it is no longer SARS?
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In questioning the end, we call into question the beginning. We enter into the realm of incalculable risk and perpetual anticipation. One strand of preparedness lies precisely in going back ; in tracking the virus to its natural host reservoir — to the place of its pre-emergence. Pandemics may be anticipated by monitoring viral activity in animal populations where the potential exists for spillover.
While the interface between human and animal populations requires perpetual surveillance, the border-territory must also be crossed in order to detect emergences in the wild before they have become visible as epidemic diseases in humans. Here, the beginning becomes as equivocal as the ending. Defining a disease in terms of its beginning and ending involves the imposition of borders. Disease emergence presumes a bordered world.
We could push this notion of the border across domains: from the structured viewpoint of the microscope in biology to epidemiology, public health, and the politics of targeted drone vision. This breakdown of borders, barriers, and boundaries — and a concomitant drive to reinstate new frontlines — has certainly been a central concern in the literature on disease emergence from the late s and early s. Yet this frame cuts off continuities and interrelationships, inevitably foreclosing complexity — the complexity of genetic constellations, for example, that make identification of a beginning problematic.
Over the last 6 years in Hong Kong, I have taught a cross-faculty course on global histories of infectious disease. With each intake it is clear that the memory of SARS is fading.
SARS: How a global epidemic was stopped
The traces of SARS are evident, not only in memorials to those who perished during the epidemic, but in the ubiquitous hand sanitizers, in the face masks and notices informing the public that elevator buttons, door handles, and escalator rails are regularly disinfected — and in responses to other emergent fears. SARS: How a global epidemic was stopped. The concern about emerging infectious diseases has been greatly increasing recently, especially with a rising threat of terrorism.
There have been consecutive threats of emerging infectious diseases and periodical outbreaks of infectious diseases throughout the history. Severe acute respiratory syndrome SARS appeared as the first emerging and readily transmissible disease. At the same time, it was regarded as the first successfully controlled disease and showed that international collaboration is required to stop the spread.
Sars | World | The Guardian
Last year, there was another threat of potential pandemic influenza, originating from avian influenza. Tension of bioterrorism has been increasing since the occurrence of anthrax terror in Preparedness is very emphasized because we do not know when or where and how emerging or reemerging infectious diseases will appear.
This book is timely published at the time we stress the need for preparedness and it could be the cornerstone of preparedness.
This book is not just a scientific publication, but also a kind of history book. This book is largely divided into two parts.